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操作方法:在 Kubernetes 中搭建 Fluentd、Elastic search 和 Kibana

如何在Kubernetes安装Fluentd、Elastic Search和Kibana来搜索日志

先决条件

安装 Elasticsearch 和 Kibana

  1. Create a Kubernetes namespace for monitoring tools

    kubectl create namespace dapr-monitoring
    
  2. Add the helm repo for Elastic Search

    helm repo add elastic https://helm.elastic.co
    helm repo update
    
  3. 使用 Helm 安装 Elastic Search

    By default, the chart creates 3 replicas which must be on different nodes. If your cluster has fewer than 3 nodes, specify a smaller number of replicas. For example, this sets the number of replicas to 1:

    helm install elasticsearch elastic/elasticsearch -n dapr-monitoring --set replicas=1
    

    否则:

    helm install elasticsearch elastic/elasticsearch -n dapr-monitoring
    

    If you are using minikube or simply want to disable persistent volumes for development purposes, you can do so by using the following command:

    helm install elasticsearch elastic/elasticsearch -n dapr-monitoring --set persistence.enabled=false,replicas=1
    
  4. 安装 Kibana

    helm install kibana elastic/kibana -n dapr-monitoring
    
  5. Ensure that Elastic Search and Kibana are running in your Kubernetes cluster

    $ kubectl get pods -n dapr-monitoring
    NAME                            READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
    elasticsearch-master-0          1/1     Running   0          6m58s
    kibana-kibana-95bc54b89-zqdrk   1/1     Running   0          4m21s
    

安装 Fluentd

  1. 安装 config map 和 Fluentd 作为守护程序

    下载这些配置文件:

    Note: If you already have Fluentd running in your cluster, please enable the nested json parser so that it can parse JSON-formatted logs from Dapr.

    将配置应用到您的集群:

    kubectl apply -f ./fluentd-config-map.yaml
    kubectl apply -f ./fluentd-dapr-with-rbac.yaml
    
  2. Ensure that Fluentd is running as a daemonset. The number of FluentD instances should be the same as the number of cluster nodes. In the example below, there is only one node in the cluster:

    $ kubectl get pods -n kube-system -w
    NAME                          READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
    coredns-6955765f44-cxjxk      1/1     Running   0          4m41s
    coredns-6955765f44-jlskv      1/1     Running   0          4m41s
    etcd-m01                      1/1     Running   0          4m48s
    fluentd-sdrld                 1/1     Running   0          14s
    

使用 JSON 格式化日志安装 Dapr

  1. 使用 JSON 格式化日志启用 Dapr

    helm repo add dapr https://dapr.github.io/helm-charts/
    helm repo update
    helm install dapr dapr/dapr --namespace dapr-system --set global.logAsJson=true
    
  2. 在 Dapr sidecar 中启用 JSON 格式化日志

    Add the dapr.io/log-as-json: "true" annotation to your deployment yaml. 例如:

    apiVersion: apps/v1
    kind: Deployment
    metadata:
      name: pythonapp
      namespace: default
      labels:
        app: python
    spec:
      replicas: 1
      selector:
        matchLabels:
          app: python
      template:
        metadata:
          labels:
            app: python
          annotations:
            dapr.io/enabled: "true"
            dapr.io/app-id: "pythonapp"
            dapr.io/log-as-json: "true"
    ...
    

搜索日志

注意: Elastic Search 需要一段时间才能索引 Fluentd 发送的日志。

  1. Port-forward from localhost to svc/kibana-kibana

    $ kubectl port-forward svc/kibana-kibana 5601 -n dapr-monitoring
    Forwarding from 127.0.0.1:5601 -> 5601
    Forwarding from [::1]:5601 -> 5601
    Handling connection for 5601
    Handling connection for 5601
    
  2. Browse to http://localhost:5601

  3. Expand the drop-down menu and click Management → Stack Management

    Stack Management item under Kibana Management menu options

  4. On the Stack Management page, select Data → Index Management and wait until dapr-* is indexed.

    Index Management view on Kibana Stack Management page

  5. Once dapr-* is indexed, click on Kibana → Index Patterns and then the Create index pattern button.

    Kibana create index pattern button

  6. Define a new index pattern by typing dapr* into the Index Pattern name field, then click the Next step button to continue.

    Kibana define an index pattern page

  7. Configure the primary time field to use with the new index pattern by selecting the @timestamp option from the Time field drop-down. Click the Create index pattern button to complete creation of the index pattern.

    Kibana configure settings page for creating an index pattern

  8. The newly created index pattern should be shown. Confirm that the fields of interest such as scope, type, app_id, level, etc. are being indexed by using the search box in the Fields tab.

    Note: If you cannot find the indexed field, please wait. The time it takes to search across all indexed fields depends on the volume of data and size of the resource that the elastic search is running on.

    View of created Kibana index pattern

  9. To explore the indexed data, expand the drop-down menu and click Analytics → Discover.

    Discover item under Kibana Analytics menu options

  10. In the search box, type in a query string such as scope:* and click the Refresh button to view the results.

    Note: This can take a long time. The time it takes to return all results depends on the volume of data and size of the resource that the elastic search is running on.

    Using the search box in the Kibana Analytics Discover page

参考资料