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Troubleshoot Pub/Sub with the .NET SDK

Try out .NET virtual actors with this example

Troubleshooting Pub/Sub

The most common problem with pub/sub is that the pub/sub endpoint in your application is not being called.

There are a few layers to this problem with different solutions:

  • The application is not recieving any traffic from Dapr
  • The application is not registering pub/sub endpoints with Dapr
  • The pub/sub endpoints are registered with Dapr, but the request is not reaching the desired endpoint

Step 1: Turn up the logs

This is important. Future steps will depend on your ability to see logging output. ASP.NET Core logs almost nothing with the default log settings, so you will need to change it.

Adjust the logging verbosity to include Information logging for ASP.NET Core as described here. Set the Microsoft key to Information.

Step 2: Verify you can receive traffic from Dapr

  1. Start the application as you would normally (dapr run ...). Make sure that you’re including an --app-port argument in the commandline. Dapr needs to know that your application is listening for traffic. By default an ASP.NET Core application will listen for HTTP on port 5000 in local development.

  2. Wait for Dapr to finish starting

  3. Examine the logs

You should see a log entry like:

info: Microsoft.AspNetCore.Hosting.Diagnostics[1]
      Request starting HTTP/1.1 GET http://localhost:5000/.....

During initialization Dapr will make some requests to your application for configuration. If you can’t find these then it means that something has gone wrong. Please ask for help either via an issue or in Discord (include the logs). If you see requests made to your application, then continue to step 3.

Step 3: Verify endpoint registration

  1. Start the application as you would normally (dapr run ...).

  2. Use curl at the command line (or another HTTP testing tool) to access the /dapr/subscribe endpoint.

Here’s an example command assuming your application’s listening port is 5000:

curl http://localhost:5000/dapr/subscribe -v

For a correctly configured application the output should look like the following:

*   Trying ::1...
* TCP_NODELAY set
* Connected to localhost (::1) port 5000 (#0)
> GET /dapr/subscribe HTTP/1.1
> Host: localhost:5000
> User-Agent: curl/7.64.1
> Accept: */*
>
< HTTP/1.1 200 OK
< Date: Fri, 15 Jan 2021 22:31:40 GMT
< Content-Type: application/json
< Server: Kestrel
< Transfer-Encoding: chunked
<
* Connection #0 to host localhost left intact
[{"topic":"deposit","route":"deposit","pubsubName":"pubsub"},{"topic":"withdraw","route":"withdraw","pubsubName":"pubsub"}]* Closing connection 0

Pay particular attention to the HTTP status code, and the JSON output.

< HTTP/1.1 200 OK

A 200 status code indicates success.

The JSON blob that’s included near the end is the output of /dapr/subscribe that’s procesed by the Dapr runtime. In this case it’s using the ControllerSample in this repo - so this is an example of correct output.

[
    {"topic":"deposit","route":"deposit","pubsubName":"pubsub"},
    {"topic":"withdraw","route":"withdraw","pubsubName":"pubsub"}
]

With the output of this command in hand, you are ready to diagnose a problem or move on to the next step.

Option 0: The response was a 200 included some pub/sub entries

If you have entries in the JSON output from this test then the problem lies elsewhere, move on to step 2.

Option 1: The response was not a 200, or didn’t contain JSON

If the response was not a 200 or did not contain JSON, then the MapSubscribeHandler() endpoint was not reached.

Make sure you have some code like the following in Startup.cs and repeat the test.

app.UseRouting();

app.UseCloudEvents();

app.UseEndpoints(endpoints =>
{
    endpoints.MapSubscribeHandler(); // This is the Dapr subscribe handler
    endpoints.MapControllers();
});

If adding the subscribe handler did not resolve the problem, please open an issue on this repo and include the contents of your Startup.cs file.

Option 2: The response contained JSON but it was empty (like [])

If the JSON output was an empty array (like []) then the subcribe handler is registered, but no topic endpoints were registered.


If you’re using a controller for pub/sub you should have a method like:

[Topic("pubsub", "deposit")]
[HttpPost("deposit")]
public async Task<ActionResult> Deposit(...)

In this example the Topic and HttpPost attributes are required, but other details might be different.


If you’re using routing for pub/sub you should have an endpoint like:

endpoints.MapPost("deposit", ...).WithTopic("pubsub", "deposit");

In this example the call to WithTopic(...) is required but other details might be different.


After correcting this code and re-testing if the JSON output is still the empty array (like []) then please open an issue on this repository and include the contents of Startup.cs and your pub/sub endpoint.

Step 4: Verify endpoint reachability

In this step we’ll verify that the entries registered with pub/sub are reachable. The last step should have left you with some JSON output like the following:

[
    {"topic":"deposit","route":"deposit","pubsubName":"pubsub"},
    {"topic":"withdraw","route":"withdraw","pubsubName":"pubsub"}
]

Keep this output, as we’ll use the route information to test the application.

  1. Start the application as you would normally (dapr run ...).

  2. Use curl at the command line (or another HTTP testing tool) to access one of the routes registered with a pub/sub endpoint.

Here’s an example command assuming your application’s listening port is 5000, and one of your pub/sub routes is withdraw:

curl http://localhost:5000/withdraw -H 'Content-Type: application/json' -d '{}' -v

Here’s the output from running the above command against the sample:

*   Trying ::1...
* TCP_NODELAY set
* Connected to localhost (::1) port 5000 (#0)
> POST /withdraw HTTP/1.1
> Host: localhost:5000
> User-Agent: curl/7.64.1
> Accept: */*
> Content-Type: application/json
> Content-Length: 2
>
* upload completely sent off: 2 out of 2 bytes
< HTTP/1.1 400 Bad Request
< Date: Fri, 15 Jan 2021 22:53:27 GMT
< Content-Type: application/problem+json; charset=utf-8
< Server: Kestrel
< Transfer-Encoding: chunked
<
* Connection #0 to host localhost left intact
{"type":"https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7231#section-6.5.1","title":"One or more validation errors occurred.","status":400,"traceId":"|5e9d7eee-4ea66b1e144ce9bb.","errors":{"Id":["The Id field is required."]}}* Closing connection 0

Based on the HTTP 400 and JSON payload, this response indicates that the endpoint was reached but the request was rejected due to a validation error.

You should also look at the console output of the running application. This is example output with the Dapr logging headers stripped away for clarity.

info: Microsoft.AspNetCore.Hosting.Diagnostics[1]
      Request starting HTTP/1.1 POST http://localhost:5000/withdraw application/json 2
info: Microsoft.AspNetCore.Routing.EndpointMiddleware[0]
      Executing endpoint 'ControllerSample.Controllers.SampleController.Withdraw (ControllerSample)'
info: Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc.Infrastructure.ControllerActionInvoker[3]
      Route matched with {action = "Withdraw", controller = "Sample"}. Executing controller action with signature System.Threading.Tasks.Task`1[Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc.ActionResult`1[ControllerSample.Account]] Withdraw(ControllerSample.Transaction, Dapr.Client.DaprClient) on controller ControllerSample.Controllers.SampleController (ControllerSample).
info: Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc.Infrastructure.ObjectResultExecutor[1]
      Executing ObjectResult, writing value of type 'Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc.ValidationProblemDetails'.
info: Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc.Infrastructure.ControllerActionInvoker[2]
      Executed action ControllerSample.Controllers.SampleController.Withdraw (ControllerSample) in 52.1211ms
info: Microsoft.AspNetCore.Routing.EndpointMiddleware[1]
      Executed endpoint 'ControllerSample.Controllers.SampleController.Withdraw (ControllerSample)'
info: Microsoft.AspNetCore.Hosting.Diagnostics[2]
      Request finished in 157.056ms 400 application/problem+json; charset=utf-8

The log entry of primary interest is the one coming from routing:

info: Microsoft.AspNetCore.Routing.EndpointMiddleware[0]
      Executing endpoint 'ControllerSample.Controllers.SampleController.Withdraw (ControllerSample)'

This entry shows that:

  • Routing executed
  • Routing chose the ControllerSample.Controllers.SampleController.Withdraw (ControllerSample)' endpoint

Now you have the information needed to troubleshoot this step.

Option 0: Routing chose the correct endpoint

If the information in the routing log entry is correct, then it means that in isolation your application is behaving correctly.

Example:

info: Microsoft.AspNetCore.Routing.EndpointMiddleware[0]
      Executing endpoint 'ControllerSample.Controllers.SampleController.Withdraw (ControllerSample)'

You might want to try using the Dapr cli to execute send a pub/sub message directly and compare the logging output.

Example command:

dapr publish --pubsub pubsub --topic withdraw --data '{}'

If after doing this you still don’t understand the problem please open an issue on this repo and include the contents of your Startup.cs.

Option 1: Routing did not execute

If you don’t see an entry for Microsoft.AspNetCore.Routing.EndpointMiddleware in the logs, then it means that the request was handled by something other than routing. Usually the problem in this case is a misbehaving middleware. Other logs from the request might give you a clue to what’s happening.

If you need help understanding the problem please open an issue on this repo and include the contents of your Startup.cs.

Option 2: Routing chose the wrong endpoint

If you see an entry for Microsoft.AspNetCore.Routing.EndpointMiddleware in the logs, but it contains the wrong endpoint then it means that you’ve got a routing conflict. The endpoint that was chosen will appear in the logs so that should give you an idea of what’s causing the conflict.

If you need help understanding the problem please open an issue on this repo and include the contents of your Startup.cs.